DANIEL BROWN, PHD
Daniel Brown, PhD, our Curriculum Director, has spent the past 40+ years learning, teaching, and offering his clients and students both the most effective Western clinical approaches to recovering from emotional and interpersonal issues, and the most ancient and profound Eastern meditative technologies, which he has uniquely adapted for the modern Western mind. His blend of expertise covers nearly every area of human growth and development, and offers pragmatic techniques to quickly overcome common struggles for effective and lasting change.
Dr. Brown is the Founder and Director for The Center for Integrative Psychotherapy in Newton, Massachusetts. He is an Associate Clinical Professor of Psychology at Harvard Medical School, where he has been on the faculty for 34 years. He has authored 14 books including Transformations of Consciousness (with Ken Wilber & Jack Engler), and a book on Mahamudra, Pointing Out the Great Way: The Mahamudra Tradition of Tibetan Meditation-Stages (Wisdom Publications), as well as two books on public dialogues with H.H. The Dalai Lama. Dr. Brown received his undergraduate degree at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in molecular biology and his PhD in Religion & Psychological Studies at the University of Chicago. He received a Danforth Fellowship given for promise in teaching excellence, and as part of that fellowship received specialized training in how to teach. While in graduate school he was particularly interested in interdisciplinary studies. At the University of Chicago he worked in religion & psychological studies, the history of religions, anthropology, human development, and clinical psychology. He also studied Sanskrit, Tibetan, Buddhist Sanskrit, and Pali languages in the Buddhist Studies Program at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He spent 10 years translating meditation texts for his doctoral dissertation on Tibetan Buddhist Mahamudra meditation.
He has studied meditation practice for 45 years, beginning with reading Patanjali’s Yogasutras and its main commentaries in the original Sanskrit with the great historian of religion professor Mircea Eliade, as well as practicing Patanjali’s stages of meditation directly with Dr. Arwind Vasavada. At the same time, Dr. Brown studied the Burmese Theravadin Buddhist mindfulness meditation, first with Western teachers in the United States like Jack Kornfield, Joseph Goldstein, Sharon Salzberg, and Christopher Titmus, and then directly with the originator of the Burmese mindfulness tradition, Mahasi Sayadaw in Burma and other masters like Tungpulo Sayadaw and Achaan Cha. Most of his 42 years of meditation experience has been squarely centered within the Indo-Tibetan Mahayana Buddhist tradition. He lived with his Tibetan root lama, the Venerable Geshe Wangyal summers between school for a 10-year period. Geshe Wangyal, H.H. the Dalai Lama, and the Venerable Denmo Locho Rinpoche, former Head Abbott of Namgyal Monastery, the Dalai Lama’s monastery were the main students of senior teacher Ling Rinpoche in the Gelukpa lineage. Dr. Brown first learned Indo-Tibetan concentration and insight meditation with Geshe Wangyal, and then years later co-taught concentration and Tibetan emptiness meditation with Denmo Locho Rinpoche and Yeshe Tapkay at Geshe Wangyal’s retreat house over a 15-year period. Dr. Brown learned Mahamudra from numerous Tibetan lamas mainly in the Tilopa/Marpa tradition and its subsidiary traditions, such as the Dwagspo/Karma or ‘Seat’ lineage, the ‘Bri gung or ‘Five Parts’ lineage, and the Drug pa or ‘One Taste’ lineage, and also from the ecumenical Rime movement wherein Mahamudra and Gelukpa emptiness practices and Mahamudra and Great Completion practices were integrated. Dr. Brown spent 10 years translating meditation texts from Tibetan and Sanskrit, including translating Tashi Namgyal’s great commentary on the Mahamudra, Moon Beams, as well as translating most of the important Mahamudra meditation practice texts found in Jamgon Kongtrul’s great collection of meditation texts, The Treasury of Instructions. As a Western psychologist he spent 10 years conducting outcomes research on beginning and advanced meditators. He has taught meditation retreats for 27 years. More recently, Dr. Brown has been studying the Nyingma Dzogs Chen [Great Completion] lineage from Garab rDorje and Vairocana with Rahob Tulku Rinpoche, and the Bon po A Khrid and Zhang Zhung snang gyud lineages of Dzogs Chen [Great Completion] lineages with H.H. Menri Trizin, senior meditation tutor to H.H. The Dalai Lama. Dr. Brown recently completed translating both the A Khrid and Six Lamps Bon po Dzogs Chen teachings into English.
Erika Fromm, Ph.D. a noted hypnoanalyst, served as his primary clinical mentor–a relationship that spanned 35 years. Dr. Brown has taught hypnotherapy for 45 years. His books include a standard textbook on clinical hypnosis, Hypnotherapy and Hypnoanalysis (with E. Fromm), Hypnosis and Behavioral Medicine (with E. Fromm), and Creative Mastery in Hypnosis and Hypnoanalysis, on the permissive style of hypnotherapy. His first clinical placement as a psychological clerk was at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago where he studied thought disorder in schizophrenics with Martin Harrow and self-psychology with Heinz Kohut. He also commuted part time to The Menninger Foundation in Topeka, Kansas where he did work with the staff of the children and adolescent units on the treatment of substance abuse. There, Karl Menninger, M.D. served as an important mentor. In the late 1970s he moved back to his home state of Massachusetts where he did a clinical internship at McLean Hospital and a Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Clinical Research at Harvard Medical School at The Cambridge Hospital. His research focused on the long-term effects of mindfulness meditation.
In the 1980s Dr. Brown served as Director of Training and then as Chief Psychologist at The Cambridge Hospital. There, he helped develop and gain accreditation for an APA-approved clinical psychology internship and post-doctoral training program. His vision was to provide the best young talent in psychology the opportunity to work with a disenfranchised inner city chronic mental health population, which included intensive developmentally-informed psychotherapy for patients with major mental illness and complex trauma disorders. His program included intensive multicultural and bilingual mental health training. At the Cambridge Hospital he developed and directed the Behavioral Medicine Program, a joint venture between psychiatry and primary care medicine. His book Hypnosis and Behavioral Medicine represents the clinical approaches developed in that program. Drawing upon his undergraduate background in molecular biology and immunology he developed a special interest in psychoneuroimmunology and the psychosocial treatment of immune disorders. He developed a joint exchange between the Beijing College of Traditional Chinese Medicine and The Cambridge Hospital for dissemination of research findings on approaches to treating immune-related disorders in TCM and behavioral medicine. He was the senior mentor to a young Chinese psychiatrist trained as the Minister of Mental Health to the People’s Republic of China.
Since the 1990s Dr. Brown has devoted much of his time to clinical teaching. He has taught in the Division of Continuing Education of Harvard Medical School at Massachusetts Mental Health Center/Beth Israel-Deaconess Medical Center. There he teaches seminars on hypnosis, trauma, treatment of attachment pathology, and peak performance. Since 1990 he has taught a course on Peak Performance in Sports and the Worksite at Harvard Medical School, and recently taught four courses on performance excellence for Superior District Court and family court judges. Dr. Brown also directs his own private continuing education organization wherein he teaches a wide variety of seminars in the mental health field locally, nationally, and internationally. He tries to stay abreast of the latest scientific development in assessment and treatment in mental health and translate these findings into clinical teaching to offer clinicians practical, state-of-the-art clinical methods as way of continuously upgrading their standard of care.
In the late 1970s Dr. Brown became interested in the study of trauma and abuse largely through peer collaboration with Sarah Haley, one of the founding members of the International Society for the Study of Traumatic Stress. Most of his clinical writing and teaching from the 1980s and 1990s focuses on refining phase-oriented treatment for complex trauma disorders. In the 1980s Dr. Brown began to study the development of the psychological sense of self and emotional development. He has written two books on developmental psychopathology–a book on affect development, Human Feelings, and a book on self development from a cross cultural perspective, Transformations of Consciousness. His main interest was in developing detailed developmentally-informed treatment protocols for treating self pathology and affect dysregulation in patients.
In the early 1990s Dr. Brown became interested in the topic of memory for trauma and abuse. His textbook, Memory, Trauma Treatment and the Law is the recipient of awards from 7 professional societies, including the 1999 Manfred S. Guttmacher Award given jointly by the American Psychiatric Association and the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law for the “outstanding contribution to forensic psychiatry.” He was invited to write the chapter on the current standard of forensic psychological testing for the current textbook on forensic psychiatry published by the American Psychiatric Association. He has served as an expert witness in the courts in over a hundred lawsuits on issues such as: psychological damages from trauma and abuse; memory for trauma; reliability of children’s reports of abuse; and evaluating claims of suggestive psychotherapy interviews, abuse investigative interviews, and police interrogations. His work as an expert witness or consultant on trauma and memory has included testimony before the International War Crimes Tribunal for the Prosecution of war criminals of the former Yugoslavia. His testimony, upheld throughout three appeals, helped establish the standard of evidence for evaluating the reliability of memory for victims of severe war atrocities. His testimony also contributed to three state Supreme Court cases on the reliability of children’s testimony regarding sexual abuse. His expert testimony includes the Oklahoma bombing case, the World Trade Center bombing case, and the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy.
In the 2000s Dr. Brown began to study adult attachment and received intensive training in the Adult Attachment Interview. His more recent research focuses on the relative contribution of early attachment pathology to the development of personality and dissociative disorders in adulthood. His current orphanage study delineates the differential contribution of early attachment pathology and later childhood abuse to adult psychopathology. Dr. Brown has been developing a step-wise treatment protocol for the treatment of adult attachment pathology in personality and dissociative disorder patients and is collecting outcome data on this new treatment approach. He is currently writing a book on the step-by-step treatment of attachment disorder in both children and adults.